Digital Guardians: The art and science of cybersecurity

We are all aware of how reliant the globe has grown. Individuals and organizations on a national and international scale tend to protect the security of online information, mobile devices, web servers, and other programs from theft, alterations, and sharing of sensitive data. In 2018, Marriott’s hacks compromised the personal information of approximately five hundred million customers, Because this was the era when globalization became increasingly reliant on networked gadgets,online security was thrust into the spotlight in two thousand three

Meaning of cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is the process of securing all hardware and software, programs, the internet, and connected gadgets from all types of attacks through different means, technologies, and methods. Cybersecurity cannot be overstated because cyberattacks are getting increasingly intelligent, Everyone engages in numerous online transactions, buying, and saving certain videos, films, and images on hardware devices, and everyone wishes to keep their information private, just as everyone wishes to make their home secure, safe, and sound. In reality, we must incorporate smart cloud security with multiple authenticating credentials for connections, such as passwords and WiFi.

Facts & Figures

  • In 1999, James Jonathan, a 15-year-old boy, hacked many systems at NASA, which required $41,000 to repair.
  • In 2007, 58 Estonian websites seemed to be under the crackdown, including Government, bank and different media sites
  • In 2011, an attack on Sony’s Play Station compromised 77 million users’ information
  • In 2014, over 500 million accounts on Yahoo were breached, and personal information was stolen.
  • In 2015, a Ukrainian power grid attack left the city without electric power for many hours.

The significance of cybersecurity

The technology-dependent environment is on the rise, and we see no signs of slowing down. Implementing recent trends has promised the globe simplicity and new improvements, but it also needs protection from hackers and unwelcoming authorities. Governments all across the world are increasingly paying g attention to and focusing on rules and tactics to secure personal, sensitive, and banking data. Many standard bodies, such as the NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology, issue release notes to assist firms in understanding security risk and cyber attack avoidance.

Cyber threats 

A cyber threat is the access of any organization or trusted and untrusted personnel to sensitive and private data from a remote location that aims to steal, disrupt and modify basic information

Data Breaches

When cybercriminals can view, steal, copy, and transmit sensitive information, this is mainly referred to as a data breach.

Social engineering 

In the context of cybersecurity, social engineering is a tricky way of manipulating the victim to divulge private information. Cybercriminals send malicious emails and texts to users that can lead to harmful sites. Another way to smartly deceive the user is to call and pretend to be an employee of the organization, asking for personal and financial details from the user. Many have lost millions to this type of crime, but caution and awareness can stop it.


When any external or internal approach tries to disrupt, exploit, and get access to confidential data or target individuals and organizations, this is called a cyberattack.

Below are a few illegal methods that will let you know how they breach and unguard our digital world.

Cyberattack vs security breach

Both terms are different but used in similar contexts. A cyberattack, as we discussed above, is an attempt, attack, or plan to reach sensitive data, whereas a security breach is a successful incident where hackers get access to certain information and use it for their ill purposes. In both cases, alertness and modification of security systems are required.

Types of cyberattacks

Usually, we observe five types of cyberattacks, which are;

  •  Malware
  • Formjacking
  • Cryptojacking
  • Distributed denial of service
  • Domain name system poison attack                                                                                                            

Why do we need cybersecurity?

A number of factors are contributing to increasing cyber crimes, the ability of cybercriminals to target the highest security gates and disrupt internet connections is one of them.A lack of focus on cybersecurity practices can cost firms a lot of money and many others. Economic, reputational, and regulatory consequences are frequently observed. It’s becoming necessary to secure, prevent and protect valuable information.Let’s discuss how cybersecurity can be more effective and keep private integrity intact.

These factors can reduce digital criminal activities

  1.  User education
  2. Mobile security
  3. Cloud Security
  4. Network Security
  5. Data Security
  6. Disaster Recovery
  • User Education
    Raising awareness among individuals who are not well aware of intelligent hacking techniques can prevent malicious attacks, In the past few months, I have seen how people smartly withdraw money from other’s accounts with tricks, so, awareness through social media, campaigns, and seminars should be given to society and employees of IT professionals.
  • Mobile Security
    Everyone uses mobile devices, laptops, tablets, and other gadgets, and they all want to keep their data secure from theft and unauthorized access.  Device loss and mobile security refer to saving from all these proliferations with the help of strong passwords, and two-step authentication..
  • Cloud Security
    Google, AWS, Cloud Store, and Azure Rackspace are cloud service providers, so the architect and applications should be conceptualized in such a way that ensures protection from security breaches.
  •  Disaster Recovery
    Many operations, monitoring plans, and alerts should be established to restore the data after an incident, Resuming lost operations for the organization is as important as other ongoing systems.
  • Network Security
    It refers to the effective mechanisms and enforced operations and practices. That maintains the security and protection of the infrastructure of an organization and an individual.
  • Organizational Security
    All companies and office platforms need defensive mechanisms against all kinds of external and internal threats. Threat models, secure code, and a strong architectural structure should be there for unauthorized access, which can save millions and anyone’s name from defamation.


The rapidly growing landscape of technology and interconnectedness of devices has raised the threats of attackers exponentially, and cybersecurity management needs to be smarter and configured in such a way that breaches are impossible to happen because the potential consequences of these attacks can be very dangerous, ranging from losses to finances and damage to an organization’s reputation, In this article, we went through the factors that play a pivotal role in preventing harmful attempts. Individuals should be well aware, and organizations must invest in training programs and hire cybersecurity professionals to safeguard their assets.

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Hira Saleem

Dr. Hira is a versatile writer who believes in captivating readers through the magical spell of words. she blends flair of storytelling with imaginative narratives.

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